Frequently Asked Questions

Below you can find answers to the most common questions. If you have any further questions please contact the Public Liaison Officer or the project team. Their contact details can be found on the Help and Support page.

To view and hide the Frequently Asked Question answers, please click on the question links below.

This page was last updated 23 March 2021.

For the A55 Junctions 15 and 16 Improvements project it is proposed the two roundabouts at Junction 15 and 16 and provide height separated junctions.

These improvements are summarised below. Further information and plans of the proposals can be found in the Scheme Assessment Report and Environmental Statement Non-Technical Summary for each junction. Additionally, a flythrough animation video of each junction will be available as part of an online exhibition.

A55 Junction 14/15 (Llanfairfechan)

The proposed scheme
The proposals would replace the roundabout at Junction 15, near to Llanfairfechan, with a four way height-separated junction, as well as improvements to Junction 14. Penmaenmawr Road and Shore Road East would be realigned to accommodate the junction.

Environmental
Proposals to enhance the urban setting by introducing more trees and open space, in addition to adding barriers and road surfacing to mitigate for traffic noise and views of traffic. The proposed works also include the replacement of existing trees and shrubs and the creation of new, safer pedestrian and cycle routes as well as providing a landscaped entrance to Llanfairfechan.

Active Travel
The proposed scheme includes the provision of both new and improved sections of cycleways and footways, between Llanfairfechan and Pendalar; and the provision of a new signal-controlled crossing at Ysgol Pant Y Rhedyn primary school. The existing footbridge over the A55 at Pendalar would be replaced.

A55 Junctions 16/16A (Penmaenmawr and Dwygyfylchi)

The proposed scheme
The proposals would replace the roundabout at Junction 16, near to Penmaenmawr and Dwygyfylchi, with a height-separated junction at Junction 16A and a new link road connection to Junction 16 and Dwygyfylchi; where the westbound access to and from the A55 would be retained. Ysgurborwen Road and Glan Yr Afon Road would be locally realigned to accommodate the junctions.

Environmental
Extensive landscape mounds will be formed to screen views of the A55, the link road and traffic, whilst retaining views to the sea; additionally the proposals include road surfacing and barriers to mitigate for the effects of traffic noise. Tree and shrub planting would be carried out to mitigate the effect of the changes to the landscape and to provide diverse habitats for wildlife. These would help to tie the scheme into the existing landscape and provide some environmental enhancement. The proposed scheme also includes the reconfiguration of the existing informal play area and new public open spaces linked to established residential areas of Dwygyfylchi.

Active Travel
The proposed scheme includes the provision of both new and improved sections of cycleways and footways, between Penmaenmawr and Dwygyfylchi; and the provision of new crossings at the Puffin Services and Glan Yr Afon Road. Access to the coast would be provided by the replacement footbridge at the Puffin Services and the new signal-controlled crossing across the westbound and eastbound slip roads onto the National Cycle Network Route 5 at Junction 16A.

Draft Orders are the Welsh Governments procedures to be followed to obtain legal authority to build new or improved highway projects. (in a similar way to an individual needing to obtain planning permission from a local authority to build a new home).

For the A55 Junctions 15 and 16 Improvements project, two separate sets of draft Orders have been produced, one set for Junction 14/15 and a second set for Junction 16/16A, under the Highways Act 1980, Compulsory Purchase Act 1965 and other relevant legislation.

These consist of three types of orders.

  • Line and Slip Road Orders give authority to establish the route of the new sections of the A55 Trunk Road and slip roads, that connect it with other existing or proposed highways.
  • Side Roads Orders give authority to stop up, divert, provide as new or improve roads. They also provide authority to stop up and provide new footpaths, bridleways and private means of access.
  • Compulsory Purchase give authority to acquire the title to land, or new rights over land for highway purposes.

The draft Orders comprise of the order documents, schedules and a set of plans. Once the draft Order is published, there is a statutory period during which any person can make representations to the Welsh Government. The date by which any objections should be returned is stated on the Notice for the draft Order concerned.

An Environmental Statement describes the impacts and effects on the natural environment, human activities that would be affected by the junction proposals including mitigation measures. Whether an Environmental Statement is required depends on the size of the project.

Due to the scale of the works proposed, the project is subject to an Environmental Impact Assessment in accordance with Part VA of the Highways Act 1980 (as amended) and EU Directive 2014/52/EU. The project is also subject to an Assessment of Implications on European Sites (AIES) in accordance with the Conservation of Habitats and Species Regulations 2010 and Article 6(3) of the Habitats Directive 92/43/EC. An Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) is an assessment of a project's likely significant environmental effects. EIA enables environmental factors associated with a project to be given due weight, along with economic or social factors and to consider the scope for reducing them.

Where an EIA is required, detailed information about the likely main environmental effects of a project must be compiled in an Environmental Statement, in accordance with Environmental Impact Assessment (Miscellaneous Amendments Relating to Harbours, Highways and Transport) Regulations 2017.

For the A55 Junctions 15 and 16 Improvements project, two separate Environmental Statements have been produced for Junction 14/15 and Junction 16/16A.

Environmental Statements cover topics including the reasons for the Scheme, the legislative and policy context, and a consideration of alternative solutions and why the proposed scheme has been selected. The chapters also consider the effects of the Scheme on geology, water, nature and biodiversity, landscape, views, archaeology, heritage, communities, private property, air quality and climate change, existing noise levels, travellers, construction materials, on the risk of accidents or natural disasters occurring, and the potential effects on the local population and their health. The ES also sets out the manner in which construction of the Scheme should be managed to avoid or minimise any effects on the environment.

The findings are summarised in an Environmental Statement, Non-Technical Summary (NTS), for each junction.

A set of draft Orders and Environmental Statements will be published for both the Junctions 14/15 and Junctions 16/16A schemes.

Once published, you will be able to view copies free of charge during the objection period either online (via the document library or Welsh Government project websites for Junction 14/15 and Junctions 16/16A) or by visiting one of the following premises.

Due to Covid-19 social distancing restrictions, viewing will be by prior appointment only. To arrange to view the documents, please contact the venues directly. In the event of changed COVID-19 restrictions or for further information, please contact the Scheme Public Liaison Officer or the project team. Their contact details can be found on the Help and Support page.

If you believe that you or your property is directly affected by the project proposals, we encourage you to contact us letting us know if you have any specific communication needs and ensuring that you have told us what your preferred contact details are.

For queries, or if you need help and support, please contact the Public Liaison Officer or the project team. Their contact details can be found on the Help and Support page.

Do it as soon as possible for help and guidance/support. We will ensure that you have the relevant information needed to understand the impact on your interests and discuss any concerns you have, as appropriate.

You can find further information in a set of booklets prepared by the Welsh Government ‘Land Compensation. Your Rights Explained’. These can be found on the Welsh Governments website: https://gov.wales/roads-driving.

Any person or organisation can object, make representations, support, suggest or comment on the published draft Orders, Environmental Statement and/or the Statement to Inform an Appropriate Assessment.

You can find out how to send us your response on the Submit Your Views page.

For queries, or if you need help and support, please contact the Public Liaison Officer or the project team. Their contact details can be found on the Help and Support page.

Following the publication of the draft Orders and the Environmental Statement, there will be a period (the objection period) when you will have the opportunity to formally object, support, suggest alternatives or support the scheme. The Welsh Government will try to resolve objections, but if they are unable to do a Public Local Inquiry may be held. A Public Local Inquiry is not necessarily held into every road proposal.

If a Public Inquiry is required, an independent Inspector who is nominated by the Planning Inspectorate (PINS) would hear evidence, in front of the public, from interested parties and stakeholders. The Inspector would make a recommendation to the Welsh Ministers on how to proceed.

The Welsh Ministers would consider the report from the independent Inspector, before deciding whether to make the Orders and to go ahead with the construction of the project.

You can find out more about the Public Inquiry process in the document, ‘Public Inquiries into road proposals. What you need to know’, which can be found on the Welsh Government website https://gov.wales/understanding-public-inquiries-road-proposals.